Indicators of visual integration in urban development projects in the commercial markets in the city center of Erbil


  • Esraa Ahmed Mohammed Mosa University of Mosul
  • Mumtaz Hazim Al-Dewachi University of Mosul



integration, visual integration, urban development, commercial markets, urban scene.


The last decade was characterized by enormous urban development projects within the center of Erbil where commercial land use is dominant and it is represented by traditional markets or Bazaars. Neshtiman commercial complex is an example that has some distinguishing features in comparison with the adjacent traditional Bazaar.

The issue of visual integration in urban development is regarded as an essential matter which gives more positivity to the project and enhances the whole area. Urban masters had mentioned and established some indicators of the visual integration.

This paper tries to explore the visual integration indicators of the Neshtiman complex with its traditional surroundings in order to improve the existing situation and to obtain some guidelines that may be helpful in future development projects.


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How to Cite

Mosa, E. A. M., & Hazim Al-Dewachi, M. . (2022). Indicators of visual integration in urban development projects in the commercial markets in the city center of Erbil. NTU Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(4).