Estimating Genetic Parameters for Productive Qualities in Local and Ukrainian Quail and their Various Crossbreeds


  • Firas Khaleel Ibrahim Nineveh Research Department, Office of Agricultural Research, Iraq.
  • Majid Ahmed Sabri University of Mosul
  • Arqam Azhr Mohamed University of Mosul



Heterosis, GCA, SCA, reciprocal and maternal effects, egg production, crossbreeding in quail


Between the 1st of March  and 1st June 2023 an experiment was conducted in the field of the Livestock Division/Nineveh Research Department to assess the heterosis, reciprocal and maternal effects as well as general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) of Ukrainian (U) and local (L) white (W) and brown (Br) plumage quail  and their hybrids crosses for the following traits: age at sexual maturity (ASM day), female body weight at sexual maturity (FBWS g), first egg weight (FEW g), hen day production (HDP%), egg weight (EW g) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR g food/g egg mass) . The results showed that for all traits under study, there are significant differences (P < 0.05) in heterosis between the hybrids. The GCA of FBWS, HDP%, EM and FCR were significantly different (P < 0.05) between the pure genetic groups. All traits were significantly different (P < 0.05) across the hybrids in the SCA, except for the ASM FBWS. All traits except the EW showed statistically significant variation in the reciprocal effect. The maternal effect had no significant effect on any trait


Tarhyel, R., Hena, S. A., and Tanimomo, B. K. (2012). Effects of age on organ weight and carcass characteristics of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Scientific Journal of Agricultural, 1(1), 21-26.?

Bulus, E. D., Aguda, A. Y., Ezekiel, J., Dodo, S. T., and Ibe, E. A. (2013). Growth performance of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) fed two types of commercial broiler diet. Advances in Agriculture, Sciences and Engineering Research, 3(10), 1227-1234.

Bagh, J., Panigrahi, B., Panda, N., Pradhan, C. R., Mallik, B. K., Majhi, B., & Rout, S. S. (2016). Body weight, egg production, and egg quality traits of gray, brown, and white varieties of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in coastal climatic condition of Odisha. Veterinary World, 9(8), 832-836.

Rahman, M. S., Rasul, K. M. G., and Islam, M. N. (2016). Meat yield potentiality of the plumage color mutations of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). International Journal of Livestock Research, 6(3), 51-61.?

Daida, K., & Rani, M. S. (2017). Selective breeding of Japanese quails for improvement of performance. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(4), 2500-2506.?

Hassan, K. H., & Hussein, I. A. (2017 a). Effect of diallel cross between three varieties of Japanese quail coturnix coturnix japonica in some blood traits. Diyala Agricultural Sciences Journal, 9(2), 73-89.

Al-Kafajy, F. R., Al-Shuhaib, M. B. S., Al-Jashami, G. S., and Al-Thuwaini, T. M. (2018). Comparison of three lines of Japanese quails revealed a remarkable role of plumage color in the productivity performance determination. J. World Poult. Res, 8(4), 111-119.

Abdulrazaq, H. S., Mahmud, S. D., Abdulrahman, J. N., & Sardare, S. Y. (2020). Productive performance, some hematological traits and genetic relationship in different local quail affected by dieting the rapeseed (canola) seeds powder. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 48(2), 33-49.

AL-Hamed, A. (2020). Effect of density and different levels of green tea on productive performance, and some blood biochemical parameters of quail. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 48(1), 45-55.

Andrey, D. (2021). The quality of quail meat upon crossbreeding. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 941(1):1-6. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/941/1/012006

Ibrahim, F. K., & Al-Neemy, M. A. S. (2023). The Relationship Between Plumage Color, Genetic Group and Their Interaction on Quail’s Performance. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 1259, No. 1, p. 012066). IOP Publishing. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/1259/1/012066

Hussen, S. H. (2020). Carcass Characteristics in Three Lines of Quail (Coturnix coturnix spp) and Their Crosses II-The Percentages. Syrian Journal of Agricultural Research–SJAR, 7(3), 454-466.

Jalal, S. and Karam, H. (1975). ANIMAL BREEDING. Dar Al-Ma’ar?, Cairo, Eygpt,

Khalil, M. (2007). PRINCIPLE OF GENETICS AND ANIMAL BREEDING. Department of Publishing and Translation, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

Hussein, T. H., & Mohammad-Ali, N. (1990). POULTRY BREEDING. Dar Al-Hikmah house for printing and publishing, Musel university, Iraq, 208.

Rezvannejad, E., Pakdel, A., Ashtianee, S. M., Yeganeh, H. M., & Yaghoobi, M. M. (2013). Analysis of growth characteristics in short-term divergently selected Japanese quail lines and their cross. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 22(4), 663-670.

Rezvannejad, E. (2014). Productive, reproductive performance and biochemical parameters of short-term divergently selected Japanese quail lines and their reciprocal crosses. Journal of livestock science and technologies, 2(1), 35-42.

Hassan, K. H., & Hussein, I. A. (2017 b). Effect of diallel cross between varieties of japanes quail on meat production traits. Diyala Agricultural Sciences Journal, 9(special Issue), 52-65.

Al-Tikriti, S. (2018). Compared to some of productive characters and phenotypic correlation for two strains of japanese quail bird (black, brown). Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 46(2), 130-135.

Rezvannejad, A. E., Boustan, A. & Lotfi S. (2017). Comparison of Reproductive Performance of Two Pure Lines of Japanese Quail and Their Reciprocal Crosses. Research on Animal Production, 8 (15), 133-148.

Al-Kaisi, H. R. M., & Al-Tikriti, S. S. A. (2021). Effect of the diallel cross line and generation on some productive traits in two lines of quail bird (brown and gold). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science,761(1): 1-10. http://doi:10.1088/1755-1315/761/1/012101

Abdel-Moutalib, A., Aboul-Seoud, D. I., & Aboul-Hassan, M. A. (2023). Effect of crossing on some productive and reproductive traits between two varieties of Japanese quail. Journal of Animal and Poultry Production, 14(1), 1-5.

Salih, J. H., & Hussen, S. H. (2019). Genetic evaluation of three quail linesby full diallel cross design II-egg production. Journal of Duhok University, 22(1), 243-251.

Siwendu, N. A., Norris, D., Ngambi, J. W., Shimelis, H. A., & Benyi, K. (2013). Heterosis and combining ability for body weight in a diallel cross of three chicken genotypes. Tropical animal health and production, 45(4), 965-970.?

Hassan, K. H. (2011). Poultry Breeding. Iraq. Central Press / University of Diyala, Diyala, Iraq.

Royan, M. (2018). The use of enterococci as probiotics in poultry. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 8(4), 559-565.

Hussen, S. H., & Salih, J. H. (2018). Genetic evaluation of three quail lines by full diallel cross design I-Growth traits. Journal of Duhok University, 21(1), 75-86.

Sujana, E. S., Anang, A., Setiawan, I., & Widjastuti, T. U. T. I. (2020). The egg characteristics of malon broiler, Japanese quails and their cross. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 21(3).

Mohammed Sulaiman, A., Hussen, S. H., & Baper, M. I. (2022). Growth Performance and Genetic Parameters of Chickens Using Full Diallel Cross Between Local and Super-Harco Breeds. ProEnvironment Promediu, 15(50).

Al-Rawi, K. M., & Khalaf Allah, A. M. (1980). DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENTS. El Mousel Univ., Iraq, 19, 487.

AL-Neemy, M. (2017). Effect of genetic group and oil source on the performance of laying quail. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 45(4), 139-150.

Additional Files






How to Cite

Estimating Genetic Parameters for Productive Qualities in Local and Ukrainian Quail and their Various Crossbreeds. (2024). NTU Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 4(2).

Similar Articles

1-10 of 18

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.