Design and Development of Real-Time Data Acquisition of Photovoltaic Panel Parameters via IoT


  • Kutaiba Khaleel Tikrit University-Collage of Engineering - Electrical Engineering
  • Thamir H. Atyia
  • Ahmed M. T. Ibraheem Al-Naib



Solar system monitoring, Internet of things, On-Line monitoring, Arduino, Data sending



In recent years,there has been an urgent need in world for  electricity. It has being increased constantly with the expansion of energy consumption via traditional energy sources which are depleting. The world  has needed to turn to alternative energy, which is represented by renewable energy. The most important and most efficient of these is solar energy, and to get the maximum value of this energy with the highest efficiency, there should be direct monitoring of the performance of these solar panels. So, in this study, the Internet of Things (IoT) was used as a remote monitoring system to obtain the main factors like load current, terminal voltage, consumption power, temperature, humidity, and light intensity. The values were real and accurate, depending on the use of Adriano and sensors to measure the above-mentioned determinants and then using Wi-Fi technology to send the data that was processed in the circuit. Then the thing speak platform was used to display, analyze, and store the results in real-time


. AbduAllah, Z. M., Mahmood, O. T., & AL-Naib, A. M. I. (2014). Photovoltaic battery charging system based on PIC16F877A microcontroller. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), 3(4), 27-31.?

. Ahmed M. T. Ibraheem AL-Naib, "Modeling and Simulation of Solar Photovoltaic Array using MATLAB/Simulink", AL-Taqani Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2016, PP. 55-65.

. Kalair, A., Abas, N., Saleem, M. S., Kalair, A. R., & Khan, N. (2021). Role of energy storage systems in energy transition from fossil fuels to renewables. Energy Storage, 3(1), e135.?

. Bashar A. Hamad, Ahmed M. T. Ibraheem, "?Design and Implementation of a Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System STS", Northern Technical University Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 1, No.1, 2021, PP. 35-43.

. Adhya S, Saha D, Das A, Jana J, Saha H (2016) An IoT-based smart solar photovoltaic remote monitoring and control unit. In: 2016 2nd International Conference on Control, Instrumentation, Energy Communication, PP.32 -436.

. Al-Fuqaha A, Guizani M, Mohammadi M, Aledhari M, Ayyash M (2015) "Internet of Things: A Survey on Enabling Technologies", Protocols, and Applications IEEE Commun Surv Tutor, Vol. 17, No.4, PP. 2347–2376.

. Ali, M., Nazim, Z., Haroon, P. M., Azeem, P. W., Javed, K., Tariq, M., & Hussain, P. A. (2020). "An IoT-based approach for efficient home automation with Thing Speak", International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 11(6).?

. Ali, A. J., Ahmed M. T. Ibraheem, & Mahmood, O. T. (2020, February). "Design of A Smart Control and Protection System For A Three-Phase Generator Using Arduino", IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 745, No. 1.

. Al-Naima, F., & Hamad, A. (Nov. 2018,), "A Low-cost Solar Farm Monitoring System Based on Cloud Database", IEEE International Conference on Innovation and Intelligence for Informatics, Computing, and Technologies, PP. 1-5.

. Krismadinata, K., Kusuma, P., & Yahfizham, Y., "Design and Manufacture of Wireless Monitoring system of Photovoltaic Generation Employing Raspberry PI", ELKHA, Vol.13, No. 1, PP. 19-24.?

. 11. Gusa, R. F., Sunanda, W., Dinata, I., & Handayani, T. P., "Monitoring system for the solar panel using smartphone-based microcontroller", 2018 2nd IEEE international conference on green energy and applications, PP. 79-82.?

. Jamil, N. A. A., Jumaat, S. A., Salimin, S., Abdullah, M. N., & Nor, A. F. M. (2020). Performance enhancement of solar powered floating photovoltaic system using arduino approach. International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems, 11(2), 651.?

. Ramu, S. K., Irudayaraj, G. C. R., & Elango, R. (2021), "An IoT?based Smart Monitoring Scheme for Solar PV Applications", Electrical and Electronic Devices, Circuits, and Materials: Technological Challenges and Solutions, PP. 211-233.?

. Madadi, S., "A Study of Solar Power Monitoring System Using Internet of Things (IoT)", Vol. 6, Issue 5, May – 2021 International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology.

. Khair, U., Lubis, A. J., Agustha, I., & Zulfin, M. (2017, December). "Modeling and Simulation of Electrical Prevention System using Arduino Uno, GSM Modem, and ACS712 Current Sensor", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 930, No. 1

. Micro Systems, A. ACS712–Datasheet. Available online: HTTPS:// datasheet-pdf/view/168326/ALLEGRO/ACS712.html

. Cheddadi, Y., Cheddadi, H., Cheddadi, F., Errahimi, F., & Es-sbai, N. (2020), "Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Low-cost IoT Solution for Energy Monitoring of Photovoltaic Stations", SN Applied Sciences, 2, 1-11.?

. Bashar A. Hamad, Ahmed M. T. Ibraheem, Ahmed G. Abdullah, "Design and Practical Implementation of Dual-Axis Solar Tracking System with Smart Monitoring System", PRZEGL?D ELEKTROTECHNICZNY JOURNAL, Issue 10, 2020, PP. 151-155.


. Shaukhi, A. S. A., & Bakar, M. I. A. (2021), "Development of Wireless Photovoltaic (PV) Monitoring System", Journal of Engineering Technology, 9(1), PP. 29-35.?

. Tellawar, M. P., & Chamat, N. (2019). "An IoT-based smart solar photovoltaic remote monitoring system", International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol. 8, No. 09, PP. 235-240.?


. López-Vargas, A., Fuentes, M., & Vivar, M. (2018), "IoT Application for Real-Time Monitoring of Solar Home Systems based on Arduino™ with 3G Connectivity", IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 19, No. 2, PP. 679-691.?




How to Cite

Khaleel, K., Thamir H. Atyia, & Ahmed M. T. Ibraheem Al-Naib. (2022). Design and Development of Real-Time Data Acquisition of Photovoltaic Panel Parameters via IoT. NTU Journal of Renewable Energy, 3(1), 1–8.