The relationship of hypothyroidism to iron deficiency in the body: Review Article


  • Sana Abdulmawjood Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
  • Zina A. Altamer Bawiza Secondary School for Boys / Nineveh Directorate of Education, Mosul, Iraq



hypothyroidism, Iron, Thyroid gland, T3, T4, anemia


The lack of iron storage has a significant impact on the thyroid gland's efficiency, and its synthesis of hormones, which are required for biological activities in the body, has been compromised. Furthermore, thyroid issues have a negative impact on iron levels in the body and the amount of iron stored. Inactivity of the gland leads to poor iron absorption, and it is frequently misdiagnosed with hypothyroidism due to similar symptoms. Although hypothyroidism and iron insufficiency are distinct illnesses, they are sometimes linked. Hypothyroidism can impair the body's ability to absorb iron, resulting in iron deficiency anemia. Furthermore, because both illnesses can induce symptoms like weariness, weakness, and pale skin, it's critical to receive a good diagnosis to discover the underlying source of these symptoms. Iron deficiency is commonly connected with hypothyroidism. Current research has demonstrated that adding iron to hormonal therapy for the treatment of pathological hypothyroidism situations improved the pathological condition as compared to using hormonal therapy for the thyroid gland alone.







How to Cite

The relationship of hypothyroidism to iron deficiency in the body: Review Article. (2024). NTU Journal of Pure Sciences, 3(1).