NTU Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS en-US javs@ntu.edu.iq (Assistant Professor. Fawwaz Fadhil Ali , PhD, AFHEA) javs@ntu.edu.iq (Karam Mazin Zeki) Sun, 22 May 2022 06:43:48 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A survey and phenotypic study of carpenter bee species recorded in Kzo village and its environs / Dohuk Governorate – Iraq https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/184 <p>All studies were conducted during the years 2020-2021 in the village of Kzo and its environs of Dohuk Governorate / northern of Iraq, the results of the survey led to the collection of 42 samples, Samples which all belongs to the genus &nbsp;<em>Xylocopa</em> , Six samples represent four species from all samples were sent to Dr Munazah Associate Professor, Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture and Science and Technology of Kashmir, India for classification , The result of classification &nbsp;showed that three of them were belong to the sub-genus <em>Xylocopa</em> represent two species,one male of species <em>Xylocopa </em>varentzowi &nbsp;The main character is that the front legs were contained a dense group of long white hairs on the outer part of the tibia, Male and female of species <em>Xylocopa violacea </em>&nbsp;the female were contained a density of black hairs on the front legs and more on the hind legs,The males of this species are distinguished by their antenna, in which the flagella consists of 11 segments and its segments is brown, but the ninth and tenth segments (9-10) which were characterized by their yellowish-orange color,and the other three specimens were belong to the sub-genus <em>Proxylocopa</em> represent two species, one female of species <em>Xylocopa rufa </em>were characterized by the calyx sita or hairs which covering edges of the abdominal region which were interrupted and unconnected in the middle, male and female of species <em>Xylocopa olivieri </em>were characterized by the hairs which were covered &nbsp;the edges of the abdominal tergit segments, pale yellow color, continuous and unbroken in the middle, The results of phenotypic studies of male and females samples of the four species<em> Xylocopa varentzowi, </em>&nbsp;<em>Xylocopa violacea, &nbsp;Xylocopa rufa</em> and <em>Xylocopa olivieri </em>is reported for the first time from the high altitudes of &nbsp;Duhok Governorate( more than 1,140 m above sea level), Iraq.</p> Rawshan Z. Bamarni, Muzahim A. Elsaiegh Copyright (c) 2022 NTU Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/184 Tue, 17 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Inventorying The Most Common Broccoli Pest Insect and Assessing the Effectiveness of Sticky Traps in Reducing Damage https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/177 <p>Broccoli (<em>Brassica oleracea</em>) is a cool-season crop that can be grown year-round under controlled conditions such as greenhouses. And the results showed that it was attacked by many pests causing direct damage to crops. As cabbage grey aphid, cabbage white butterfly, great white butterfly, diamondback moths, and cabbage cutworm, and using stick traps have efficient in controlling the density of pests and can be applied within the integrated pest control, so their use avoids damage to the crop. The trap was significant and superior in monitoring and recording the first appearance of the insect pest, as well as in the effect on the quantity and quality of the product obtained, where the highest production was recorded, amounting to approximately 1200kg/greenhouse and the absence of the need to use chemical pesticides for control compared to the control (without traps), where the production reached 700 kg/ greenhouse.</p> <p> </p> Batol A. Karso, Rasha yousif Yousif, Hozan Mustafa, Dauod Mohammad Copyright (c) 2022 NTU Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/177 Tue, 17 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Bio Effect of Seven Aqueous Plant Extracts Against Khapra Beetle Trogoderma Granarium Everts https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/178 <p>The study showed the effectiveness of the aqueous extracts of seven plant species for Clove buds (<em>Syzygium aromaticum</em>), Garlic seed (<em>Allium sativum</em>), Thyme leaves (<em>Thymus vulgaris</em>), Eucalyptus leaves (<em>Eucalyptus oleosa</em>), Sage (<em>Salvia officinalis</em>), Alaaya leaves (<em>Eminium spiculatum</em>), and red hot pepper fruits (<em>Capsicum annuum</em>) with five different concentrations (1.5, 3, 5, 7.5 and 10) % in some Biological aspects of the Khapra beetle larvae<em> Trogoderma granarium</em> Everts. The aqueous extract of sagebrush showed the highest lethal effect, as the killing rate was 100% at a concentration of 5%, and toxicity index and toxicity efficiency amounted to 100, 28, and 23, respectively, compared to the rest of the studied plants. It was noted that the aqueous extracts of plants sagebrush and sagebrush tested showed the characteristic of repelling insects and that the sagebrush plant gave the highest repelling rate of 63.33%, while the plants of garlic, hot pepper, cloves, thyme, and eucalyptus showed the characteristic of attraction and that the aqueous extract of cloves gave the highest attraction rate of 73.33.</p> shelan hasan, Batol A. Karso Copyright (c) 2022 NTU Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/178 Tue, 17 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Some Antioxidants on the Hematological and Biochemical Blood Parameters of Awassi Rams https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/187 <p>In this study, (24) Awassi rams were used at the age of (1.5-2 years), with an average weight of (46.4 kg) to study the effect of giving &nbsp;some antioxidants on hematological and blood biochemical on Awassi rams , The rams were randomly allotted &nbsp;into four&nbsp; groups of equal number (6) rams each group , the first group (control) , the second group was given turmeric at the rate of 3 g / kg feed / head daily, the third group was supplemented orally with 400 IU vitamin E &nbsp;/ head three times a week , the fourth group was supplemented orally with 400 mg CoQ10 coenzyme / head three times a week , and these materials were given to the rams of each treatment before providing the daily feed to the animals , The experimental animals were given a standardized diet consisting of ( concentrated feed + Wheat Straw&nbsp; ) on the basis of 2.5 % of live body weight . The percentage of protein in the diet was 15.22% and the metabolic energy was (2721.5) kcal / kg of feed. The weights of the animals were measured and blood samples were drawn from the jugular vein every month to measure the characteristics of the physical and biochemical parameters of the blood in the blood serum. The results of the study showed a significant (p?0.01) effect of the treatments on the characteristics of the animal’s weight, number of WBC, the percentage of eosinophil's and basophils than control group , while the treatments did not show a significant effect on the other&nbsp; blood values. The results also showed a significant effect of the treatments on the level of concentration of total protein, cholesterol, triglycerides, globulin and urea, in addition to the levels of HDL, LDL , While there was no significant effect of the treatments on the concentration of glucose, albumin, VLDL in the blood plasma. Through the results of this study, we conclude that giving antioxidants to rams had a positive effect on some physical, biochemical and enzymatic parameters of blood in the treated groups compared to the control.</p> Mohammad S. Almoteoty, Abdulnassir Alkhashab, Thafer M. Azize Copyright (c) 2022 NTU Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science https://journals.ntu.edu.iq/index.php/NTU-JAVS/article/view/187 Tue, 17 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000